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Leuconotopicus is a genus of woodpeckers in the family Picidae native to North and South America. Species in this genus were previously assigned to Picoides.[1][2] Some taxonomic authorities, including the American Ornithological Society, continue to place the entire group there.

White-headed woodpecker.jpg
White-headed woodpecker (Leuconotopicus albolarvatus)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae
Tribe: Dendropicini
Genus: Leuconotopicus
Malherbe, 1845

See text

The name of the genus was introduced by the French ornithologist Alfred Malherbe in 1845.[3] The word Leuconotopicus is from the Greek leukos meaning white, nōton back and pikos woodpecker.[4]

The genus contains the following six species:[2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Picoides borealis -Mississippi, USA -feeding-8.jpg Leuconotopicus borealis Red-cockaded woodpecker southeastern United States from Florida to New Jersey and Maryland, as far west as eastern Texas and Oklahoma, and inland to Missouri, Kentucky, and Tennessee
Carpintero Café, Smoky Brown Woodpecker, Veniliornis fumigatus (11703437236).jpg Leuconotopicus fumigatus Smoky-brown woodpecker Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela
Arizona Woodpecker.jpg Leuconotopicus arizonae Arizona woodpecker southern Arizona and New Mexico and the Sierra Madre Occidental of western Mexico
Leuconotopicus stricklandi Strickland's woodpecker Mexico
Hairy Woodpecker.jpg Leuconotopicus villosus Hairy woodpecker Bahamas, Canada, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, Turks and Caicos Islands, and the United States
White-headed Woodpecker - Sisters - Oregon (vertical).jpg Leuconotopicus albolarvatus White-headed woodpecker British Columbia through southern California


  1. ^ Fuchs, J.; Pons, J.M. (2015). "A new classification of the pied woodpeckers assemblage (Dendropicini, Picidae) based on a comprehensive multi-locus phylogeny". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 88: 28–37. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.03.016. PMID 25818851. 
  2. ^ a b Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Woodpeckers". World Bird List Version 6.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 May 2016. 
  3. ^ Malherbe, Alfred (1845). "Description de trois espèces nouvelles du genre Picus, Linné". Revue Zoologique par La Société Cuvierienne (in French and Latin). 8: 373. 
  4. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 103. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.