Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
|Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire|
Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire
16 December 1805|
10 November 1861 (aged 55)|
|Known for||teratology, ethology|
|Influences||Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire|
He was born in Paris, the son of Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. In his earlier years he showed an aptitude for mathematics, but eventually he devoted himself to the study of natural history and of medicine, and in 1824 he was appointed assistant naturalist to his father. In 1829 he delivered for his father the second part of a course of lectures on ornithology, and during the following three years he taught zoology at the Athénée, and teratology at the École pratique.
He was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1833, was in 1837 appointed to act as deputy for his father at the faculty of sciences in Paris. During the following year he was sent to Bordeaux to organize a similar faculty there. He became successively; inspector of the academy of Paris (1840), professor of the museum on the retirement of his father (1841), inspector-general of the university (1844), a member of the royal council for public instruction (1845), and on the death of Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville, professor of zoology at the Faculty of Sciences (1850). In 1854 he founded the Société zoologique d'acclimatation (Zoological Acclimatization Society), of which he also served as president.
He conducted investigations of omphalosites, celosomia, hermaphroditism, etc., and is credited with introducing the term "teratologie". From 1832 to 1837 he published his great teratological work, Histoire générale et particulière des anomalies de l’organisation chez l’homme et les animaux.
Besides the above-mentioned work, he wrote:
- Histoire générale et particulière des anomalies de l’organisation chez l’homme et les animaux (1832-1837).
- Essais de zoologie générale (1841).
- La vie Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1847).
- Acclimatation et domestication des animaux utiles (1849).
- Lettres sur les substances alimentaires et particulièrement sur la viande de cheval (1856).
- Histoire naturelle générale des règnes organiques (3 vols., 1854-1862), which was not quite completed.
- Encyclopaedia Universalis Histoire de l'éthologie
- Chisholm 1911, p. 619.
- Biusante Paris Descarters.fr Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire "Digne de son père" * (1805-1861) par Eric Salf
- Google Books Maple leaves: a budget of legendary, historical, critical, and sporting... by Sir James MacPherson Le Moine
- Morin A (March 1996). "La tératologie de Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire à nos jours" [Teratology from Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire to the present]. Bulletin De l'Association Des Anatomistes (in French). 80 (248): 17–31. PMID 9004867. INIST:2871815.
- Cultural Teratology: The Monstrous and the Grotesque The Birth of Modern Teratology
- Biodiversity Heritage Library Histoire générale et particulière des anomalies de l'organisation chez l'homme et les animaux
- Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Hilaire", p. 123).