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Adanson system

The Adanson system published by French botanist Michel Adanson as the Familles des plantes in two volumes in 1763[1] was an important step in botanical nomenclature by establishing the ordering of genera into families.

Michel Adanson listed 58 families, divided by sections, for the 1615 genera known to him. He gave these both French and Latin names. The system was completed by Antoine Laurent de Jussieu in 1789.

Contents

Plant familiesEdit

Adanson's listing (Pages 1-7 of Part II) of families is as follows (with page numbers of families together with sections and genera in parentheses).
Note spelling varies throughout text. The detailed descriptions of families are separately paginated, and shown here in italics, after the Latin names. Some families shown with sections (note not all sections were named, some were just described).

  1. Bissus (page 8) Byssi
  2. Champignons Fungi 4
  3. Fucus Fuci 12
  4. Epatikes Hepaticae 14
  5. Foujeres Filices 16
  6. Palmiers Palmae 22
  7. Gramens Gramina 26
  8. Liliasees (page 9) Liliaceae 42[2]
    1. Junci 46
    2. Lilia
    3. Scillae
    4. Cepae
    5. Asparagi 51[3]
    6. Hyacinthi 52
    7. Narcissi 55[4]
    8. Irides 58
  9. Jenjanbres Zingiberes 61
  10. Orchis Orchides 68
  11. Aristoloches Aristolochiae 71
  12. Eleagnus Elaeagni 77
  13. Onagres Onagrae 81
  14. Mirtes (page 10) Myrti 86
  15. Ombelliferes Umbelletae 89
  16. Composees Compositae 103
  17. Campanules (page 11) Campanulae 132
  18. Briones Bryoniae 135
  19. Aparines Aparines 140
  20. Scabieuses Scabiosae 148
  21. Chevrefeuilles Caprifolia 153
  22. Aireles Vaccinia 160[notes 1]
  23. Apocins Apocyna 167
  24. Bouraches Borragines 173
  25. Labiees (page 12) Labiatae 180
  26. Vervenes Verbenae 195
  27. Personees Personatae 202
  28. Solanons Solana 215
  29. Jasmins Jasmina 220
  30. Anagallis (page 13) Anagallides 227
  31. Salikaires Salicariae 232
  32. Pourpiers Portulacae 235
  33. Joubarbes Seda 246
  34. Alsines Alsines 250
  35. Blitons Blita 258
  36. Jalaps Jalapae 263
  37. Amarantes Amaranthi 266
  38. Espargoutes Spergulae 270
  39. Persikaires Persicariae 273
  40. Garou (page 14) Thymelaeae 278
  41. Rosiers Rosae 286
  42. Jujubiers Zizyphi 297
  43. Legumineuses Leguminosae 306
  44. Pistachiers (page 15) Pistaciae 332
  45. Titimales Tithymali 346
  46. Anones Anonae 359
  47. Chataigners Castaneae 366
  48. Tilleuls Tiliae 378
  49. Geranions Gerania 384
  50. Mauves Malvae 390
  51. Capriers Capparides 402
  52. Cruciferes (page 16) Cruciferae 409
  53. Pavots Papavera 425
  54. Cistes Cisti 434
  55. Renoncules Ranunculi 451
  56. Arons Ara 461
  57. Pins (page 17) Pinus 473
  58. Mousses Musci 482

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Corresponds to modern Ericaceae

ReferencesEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Adanson, Michel (1763). Familles des plantes. Paris: Vincent. pp. I: 1–199; II: 1–640. Retrieved 9 February 2014. 

Note: This is a selected list of the more influential systems. There are many other systems, for instance a review of earlier systems, published by Lindley in his 1853 edition, and Dahlgren (1982). Examples include the works of Scopoli, Batsch and Grisebach.