Picus is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family. It has representatives in Europe, Asia and North Africa. The genus name is Latin for a woodpecker. The type species was originally unclear, but is likely to have been the European green woodpecker.
|A female European green woodpecker (Picus viridis)|
Picus woodpeckers are primarily insect eaters, with several species specialising in taking ants or termites. Some species will also consume fruit or eggs. Insects are captured by a rapid outward flick of the long tongue and gummed to its tip by sticky saliva.
- Lesser yellownape, Picus chlorolophus
- Crimson-winged woodpecker, Picus puniceus
- Streak-breasted woodpecker, Picus viridanus
- Laced woodpecker, Picus vittatus
- Streak-throated woodpecker, Picus xanthopygaeus
- Scaly-bellied woodpecker, Picus squamatus
- Japanese green woodpecker, Picus awokera
- European green woodpecker, Picus viridis
- Iberian green woodpecker, Picus sharpei
- Levaillant's woodpecker, Picus vaillantii
- Red-collared woodpecker, Picus rabieri
- Black-headed woodpecker, Picus erythropygius
- Grey-headed woodpecker, Picus canus
- Sumatran woodpecker, Picus dedemi
- Black-naped woodpecker, Picus guerini
The following were formerly included in Picus, but are now placed in Chrysophlegma.