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Dermophis glandulosus is a species of caecilian in the family Dermophiidae. It is found in northwestern Colombia (Córdoba and Antioquia Departments[4]), Costa Rica, and Panama.[3] It is the southernmost species among Dermophis.[5]

Dermophis glandulosus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Clade: Gymnophiona
Family: Dermophiidae
Genus: Dermophis
Species:
D. glandulosus
Binomial name
Dermophis glandulosus
Taylor, 1955[2]
Synonyms[3]

Dermophis balboai Taylor, 1968

DescriptionEdit

Dermophis glandulosus is a moderately large caecilian, measuring up to 405 mm (15.9 in) in total length. The type specimen was a juvenile measuring 159 mm. Also subsequent specimens were relatively small, leading to a conclusion that it was synonymous with Dermophis parviceps. However, new specimens have shown Dermophis glandulosus to be a separate, much larger species than Dermophis parviceps. It also lacks the contrasting head coloration of the latter and has more secondary annuli.[5] The dorsum is purplish lavender, whereas the ventral surfaces are dull cream with dim lavender clouding.[2]

Habitat and conservationEdit

Dermophis glandulosus occurs in humid montane and lowland forests.[1] In Colombia it occurs at elevations of 40–140 m (130–460 ft) above sea level.[4] It is mainly subterranean, but it is sometimes also found under logs and in leaf litter. It is probably viviparous. Deforestation might be a threat, but the seriousness of this threat is unknown. It is found in La Amistad International Park, Darién National Park (both in Panama), and Las Cruces Biological Station (Costa Rica).[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Solís, F.; Ibáñez, R.; Chaves, G.; Savage, J.; Jaramillo, C.; Fuenmayor, Q. & Wilkinson, M. (2008). "Dermophis glandulosus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T59543A11961135. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T59543A11961135.en. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  2. ^ a b Taylor, E. H. (1955). "Additions to the known herpetological fauna of Costa Rica with comments on other species. No. II". University of Kansas Science Bulletin. 37: 499–575. [D. glandulosus: p. 509]
  3. ^ a b Frost, Darrel R. (2018). "Dermophis glandulosus Taylor, 1955". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  4. ^ a b Acosta Galvis, A. R. & Cuentas, D. (2018). "Dermophis glandulosus Taylor, 1955". Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia V8.2018. www.batrachia.com. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  5. ^ a b Savage, J. M. & Wake, M. H. (2001). "Reevaluation of the status of taxa of Central American caecilians (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), with comments on their origin and evolution". Copeia. 2001: 52–64. doi:10.1643/0045-8511(2001)001[0052:ROTSOT]2.0.CO;2.